Common features of anxiety

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Common Features of Anxiety

Physiological symptoms

(1) Increase heart rate, palpitations; (2) shortness of breath, rapid breathing; (3) chest pain or pressure; (4) choking sensation; (5) dizzy, lightheaded; (6) sweaty, hot flashes, chills; (7) nausea, upset stomach, diarrhea; (8) trembling, shaking; (9) tingling or numbness in arms, legs; (10) weakness, unsteady, faintness; (11) tense muscles, rigidity; (12) dry mouth

Cognitive symptoms

(1) fear of losing control, being unable to cope; (2) fear of physical injury or death; (3) fear of “going crazy”; (4) fear of negative evaluation by others; (5) frightening thoughts, images, or memories; (6) perceptions of unreality or detachment; (7) poor concentration, confusion, distractible; (8) narrowing of attention, hypervigilance for threat; (9) poor memory; (10) difficulty in reasoning, loss of objectivity

Behavioral symptoms

(1) avoidance of threat cues or situations; (2) escape, flight; (3) pursuit of safety, reassurance; (4) restlessness, agitation, pacing; (5) hyperventilation; (6) freezing, motionless; (7) difficult speaking

Affective symptoms

(1) nervous, tense, wound-up; (2) frightened, fearful, terrified; (3) edgy, jumpy, jittery; (4) impatient, frustrated

** Clark & Beck 2010 CBT for Anxiety

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